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Civil War Trust

Antietam Quiz

Test your knowledge of the Civil War's bloodiest day

1. While setting up camp near Frederick, Maryland, Sgt. John M. Bloss and Cpl. Barton W. Mitchell of the 27th Indiana Infantry discovered three cigars wrapped in a paper—Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Special Order No. 191. What did the mysterious “Lost Order” reveal?

  • General Lee’s plan to march on Washington, DC
  • The exact strength and location of all elements of the Army of Northern Virginia
  • General Lee’s plans to divide his army and capture Harper’s Ferry
  • General Lee’s plans to attack Baltimore
  • Orders to retreat into Maryland

 

2. This bloody precursor to Antietam claimed the life of Union Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno.

  • The Battle of Thoroughfare Gap
  • The Battle of Brandy Station
  • The Battle of Chantilly
  • The Battle of South Mountain
  • None of the Above

 

3. From 1861-1865 the Union Armies in the east were led by six different commanding generals.  Which among these commanders was NOT present at Antietam?

  • Ambrose Burnside
  • Joseph Hooker
  • George McClellan
  • Irwin McDowell
  • George Meade

 

4. Which of the following is not a feature of the Antietam battlefield:

  • The East Woods
  • Dunker Church
  • The Sunken Road
  • St. James Church
  • The Mumma Farm

 

5. Which of these famous brigades participated in the gruesome struggle for the Cornfield?

  • The Iron Brigade
  • The Louisiana Tigers
  • The Stonewall Brigade
  • The Texas Brigade
  • All of the above

 

John Brown Gordon6. This Confederate Colonel was wounded five times in the fight at the Bloody Lane.  Who is he?

  • Lewis Armistead
  • A. P. Hill
  • Patrick Cleburne
  • John B. Gordon
  • James Longstreet

 

7. Known to history as Burnside’s Bridge, the southernmost bridge across the Antietam creek was originally named for this local family

  • Miller
  • Mumma
  • Nicodemus
  • Poffenberger
  • Rohrbach

 

8. What prize did Colonel Edward Ferrero offer to his men in exchange for crossing Burnside’s Bridge?

  • Three days’ leave in Washington
  • A two-week furlough home
  • The Congressional Medal of Honor
  • Whiskey
  • Dinner with President Lincoln

 

9. The timely arrival of this Confederate’s division is often credited with saving the Army of Northern Virginia from defeat.

  • A. P. Hill
  • D. H. Hill
  • John B. Hood
  • Stonewall Jackson
  • George E. Pickett

 

10. The West Point Class of 1846 furnished a substantial number of generals in both blue and gray, among them “Stonewall” Jackson and George McClellan.  Which of these generals was also a member of this remarkable class?

  • A.P. Hill
  • David R. Jones
  • Jesse L. Reno
  • Samuel D. Sturgis
  • All of the above

 

Antietam Dead11. In addition to being a significant military event, the battle of Antietam was also a watershed moment in the evolution of battlefield photography.  Just days after the battle, Alexander Gardner of Matthew Brady’s studio, arrived at the Antietam battlefield and captured some of the war’s most graphic and well-known images.  The photograph seen here was taken near which battlefield landmark?

  • The Bloody Lane
  • Burnside’s Bridge
  • The Dunker Church
  • The Hagerstown Pike
  • The Mumma Farm

 

12. With roughly 23,000 dead, wounded and missing, the battle of Antietam is far and away the bloodiest single day of the Civil War—and American history.  Which of these one-day Civil War battles ranks second?

  • The Battle of Atlanta
  • The Battle of Franklin
  • The Battle of Gaines’ Mill
  • The Battle of Perryville
  • The Third Battle of Winchester

 

13. Though far from a decisive victory, the success of the Union army at Antietam prompted President Abraham Lincoln to do which of the following?

  • Abolish slavery with a Constitutional amendment
  • Issue the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
  • Give the Gettysburg address
  • Provide Federal Funding for the underground railroad
  • Promote George McClellan to Lieutenant General

 

14. Since 1862, the battlefield has undergone a number of preservation challenges.  Which of the following is not true with relation to Antietam?

  • The Dunker Church was mostly destroyed in a storm in 1921 and needed to be rebuilt
  • In the 1990s, the State of Maryland more than doubled the protected land ringing the park
  • Civil War Trust has saved 240 acres of the battlefield
  • The Antietam National Battlefield Park was established in 1932
  • The current visitor center was built on the battlefield in 1962.

 

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